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  • 人物雕塑:觀世音菩薩雕刻技法

    2018-4-23 16:27:24

    觀世音菩薩漢白玉精品雕刻,觀世音菩薩在佛教和民間信仰都有無比崇高的信仰,西游記中有很多觀世音菩薩的描寫,救苦救難,福度眾生,因而普受人們禮拜,在廟宇佛堂之中多塑有觀世音菩薩的雕像。

    石雕威名中外,在這里佛教類的石雕更是經久流傳,多多出精品,雕塑有限公司雕刻制作的觀世音菩薩,面目圓潤,眼睛微開,體態端莊,我們來看看她的具體雕刻手法,菩薩的雕刻要有崇拜和信仰之心,方能做出好的作品。

    第一:雕刻漢白玉菩薩為例,首先要選料,菩薩乃大羅神仙,講究的是一塵不染,料當然用最好的沒有雜色的漢白玉,石料選擇的本事也是常年累月的積累下來的,一塊好玉看光面潔白無暇不行,還要看到石頭內部,這個就需要很深的功力了,因為石頭還沒雕刻,怎么看到里面呢?首先看石料外部用水沖干凈,仔細看有沒有有干裂,干裂沒有裂開但是在雕刻細節的時候容易斷,就好像細膩的紋理上有個斷紋的紋理,這樣的能反映到石頭里面就可能是個干裂。


    第二:看色差,好的漢白玉通體潔白,水沖后有的漢白玉的某些部分有發黃,發紅色的細線這樣的線大部分就引到了石頭內部,等到雕刻到內部的時候有可能就出來了,雕刻品最后如果拋光的話這些細紋就很明顯,影響雕刻品的效果。如果在細紋在衣紋部分還可采用把雜色紋引到衣服褶皺里面的技法掩飾下,不會太影響效果,可如果正好趕在臉部那就會很難看了。

    第三:如上所說,石料乃天然所成,經過幾萬年上千萬年形成的靈物,里面很難免有些雜色,小件雕刻品還好選些,大的雕刻品幾乎沒法避免,這樣的話就盡量保持臉部無雜色,臉是一個雕刻品尤其是人物類雕刻的重中之重,一件雕刻品成功與否臉部起到大部分的作用,所以第一部的選料一定要有20年經驗的石雕師傅精挑細選,細細觀察才行。

    第四;選料的時候,還有個絕招就是聽,有些石料外面沒裂紋,里面有。這個就要拿錘子輕輕的敲打石頭,在稍用了聽石頭里面更深處,逐漸的加大力量敲打,所謂的敲石聽聲,就這樣了,有經驗的師傅能通過石頭傳出來的聲音辨別出里面有沒有裂。即縫隙。

    選好石料后就是雕刻了,一般最佛像要用模型,就是先用泥塑塑好的,然后根據泥塑在一比一,或者小樣泥塑放大雕刻。

    第一:要定大型,根據模型和石料的形狀定出雕刻品的位置,把最高最寬點定出來以免雕刻的時候石料某個部分缺了一點,石料雕著雕著不夠了不就成笑話了。還有個作用是在石料好的一端用在頭部那部分。

    第二:就是三點一線法,開始雕刻去荒,講石料多出來的荒料去掉,現在都是用石材切割機去荒,要快的多了。注意不要一次去到位,要稍微留2到3公分的荒,因為有時候去荒時,用力過大會把不該去的地方帶下來,這樣就缺了,雕刻就失敗了,力度大小也需要很好的把握,這也是長久學習實踐中才能靈活把握的。有鏤空的地方的話,要加倍小心,荒料要一點點的去掉。雕刻時候要一般去荒,一邊看,離遠點看,以免雕刻的比例有誤差。

    第三:初步雕刻,先講荒料基本都去了后,雕刻好衣服紋理褶皺,手勢動態,有的蓮花底座是一體的把底座都先雕刻到位,身上的衣飾等發的部分,五官都要雕刻出來,眼睛講究八分閉,二分開,頭部和身子比例一般都是八到九身頭。雕刻時候要邊看邊雕。不要盲目一頭扎進去,有時候容易雕缺。

    第四:修細:這個要師傅來了,細節的靈動,容貌的生動,眼神的表現,都是很講工藝的,觀音肯定要儀容端莊,神態安然自若,讓人一看就有普渡眾生之感,初學者要多看多想,反復調整,心要靜,不可急于求成,反到無所成就,雕出來的作品千篇一律,高手雕刻的肯定是要傳神的,要精細求精,每一次細節都要反復琢磨,做出的作品才能打動人。

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